Beer School

Beer Styles 201: What is a Stout?

There are so many different stout styles, are the names of the style actually an ingredient contained in the beer? Let’s find out!

Beer Styles 201: What is a Stout?

 

What is a Stout?

A Stout is dark style beer and a form of Ale. Stouts are usually a rich, dark colour. Its unique ‘chocolatey’ or ‘coffee-like’ flavour comes from ‘smoked’ or malted barley. Stouts have a distinct thick, smooth and creamy texture that is different from your average beer.

Stout beers come in a variety of types and flavours, but what is in a stout and how are they made?

 

What is a Milk Stout

Milk Stout (also called a Cream Stout or Sweet Stout) are a variation of stout style beers with a distinct sweet flavour and a unique body.

 

Does Milk Stout Contain Milk?

Normally, Milk Stout is not made with real milk, but it does contain the lactose, the milk sugar. However, Milk Stout does not contain whey or casein.

 

Can I drink Milk Stout if I am Lactose Intolerant?

Unfortunately, most people who are lactose intolerant cannot drink Milk Stout. During fermentation, yeast breaks down the other ose sugars (glucose, sucrose and fructose), but the yeast doesn’t contain enough lactase in the brewing process to break down the lactose enzyme. (The same thing that prevents it from being digested by those who are lactose intolerant.) The lactose stays in the beer giving it the intended characteristic sweetness and fuller body.

Although Milk Stout contains lactose, it doesn’t contain whey or casein which is why generally people who are allergic to milk can drink Milk Stout, but people who are lactose intolerant cannot.

According to Tom Anderson on the Alcohol Stack Exchange:

“The amount of lactose in a milk stout varies, but it seems that it is likely to be in the range of 5 to 13%; that is, in a (568 millilitre) pint, there may be anywhere from 28 to 74 grams of lactose. The lactose concentration in milk is about 4%, so this is the equivalent of 700 – 1850 millilitres of milk. Rather a lot!”

So, we strongly suggest taking your Lactaid before drinking a Milk Stout.

 


Is Guinness A Milk Stout?

No, Guinness is not a Milk Stout. It’s a Dry Stout. So, don’t worry lactose intolerant beer geeks, you’re in the clear with a good ol’ Guinness beer.


 

A Must-Try Milk Stout Beer
left-hand-brewing-company-milk-stout-nitro

Left Hand Milk Stout Nitro

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

What is an Oatmeal Stout?

An Oatmeal Stout is a variation of a sweet stout beer with oats used in place of roasted malt. Oatmeal Stouts have a characteristic rich, smoothness and give you that full sensation. You know the one… it’s the same one you get when eating a warm bowl of oatmeal on a cold winter day.

 

Does Oatmeal Stout Contain Actual Oatmeal?

Yes! Oatmeal Stout is made with real oats. In cooking, oats are used as a thickening agent and become oatmeal once fully cooked. When the oats become oatmeal, they are easier to use in the fermentation process.

 

A Must-Try Oatmeal Stout

Ninkasi Oatis ninkasi-brewing-company-oatis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Does Oyster Stout contain real Oysters?

Check out this article on Oyster Stout


 

 

What is Vanilla Stout? What is Chocolate Stout? What is Coffee Stout?

 

Does Vanilla, Coffee and Chocolate Stout Contain Vanilla, Coffee or Chocolate?

The flavour and aroma of vanilla in beer is usually imparted by actual vanilla whether in bean form or as an extract. On the other hand, the flavours of chocolate and coffee in beer while sometimes enhanced by putting in beans, cocoa or extract is actually produced by the roasting level of the malts. The specific one most often used is called Chocolate malt.

 

A Must Try Vanilla Stout
saltspring-island-ales-creme-brulee-vanilla-stout

Saltspring Island Ales Creme Brulee Vanilla Stout

 

 

 

 

 

 

A Must Try Chocolate Stout
new-belgium-brewing-company-salted-belgian-chocolate-stout

New Belgium Salted Belgian Chocolate Stout

 

 

 

 

 

 

A Must Try Coffee Stout
cervejaria-seasons-cirilo-coffee-stout

Cervejaria Seasons Cirilo Coffee Stout

 

 

 

 

 

 

Now that you know all about stouts, learn more about other beer styles:

Amber Ale / Dark Ale
Amber Lager / Dark Lager
Barleywine
Belgian IPA / White India Pale Ale
Berliner Weisse
Bock
Double IPA / Imperial IPA
Golden Ale / Blonde Ale
Golden Lager / Pale Lager
Gose
Gruit Beer
India Pale Ale (IPA)
Pilsner
Porter
Saison
Sour Ale / Wild Ale
Strong Ale
Weizenbock
Wheat Beer

Related Posts

Beer School

Beer Styles 201: What is a Barleywine?

Barleywine: where they come from, their appearance, flavour & aroma, palate & mouthfeel, food pairings and serving suggestions are all explained in this Beer Styles 201 article.

Beer School

Beer Varieties: The Origins (Part Four: Bitterness)

In this series, we are looking at what characterises the hundreds of styles of beers that are available. So far we have looked at how gravities and alcohol by volume (ABV.) are calculated, and how colour is measured and named. In this article, we will examine bitterness, the counterbalance to the sweetness from the malt, which is derived mostly from the hops.

Beer School

Beer Profiles: Hoppy & Bitter

Bitter and Hoppy Beers: The perfect beers for anyone who loves the bitter flavour of black coffee or a strong grapefruit.

Beer School

Does Beer Freeze? At What Temperature Does Beer Freeze?

Summer or winter, there’s always a way to accidentally freeze your beer. We did some research and here’s what we can tell you about frozen beer, and what you can do to prevent your beers from freezing.

Beer School

What are Beer Varieties? – The Origins

David Nuttall is an instructor at the Alberta Beer Festivals’ Beer School. He has worked in almost all aspects of the liquor industry. He is the current Judging Co-ordinator for Calgary International Beerfest and completed the Beer Judge Certification Program in 2012. He is passionate about beer and beer culture. This article is the first of a fascinating series on different beer styles.